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The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.

In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.

The States cannot propose amendments to, the Constitution.

But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.

What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.

The following provision of Indian constitution makes it unitary Article I of the Constitution describes India as a ‘Union of States’, which implies two things: firstly, it is not the result of an agreement among the States and secondly, the States have no freedom to secede or separate from the Union.